Case 3: PCOD/PCOS - Medical treatment information
Medical condition - Polycystic ovarian disease/syndrome
Brief description - PCOS is due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Risk factors include obesity, not enough physical exercise, and a family history of someone with the condition.
Signs & Symptoms - Irregular or no menstrual periods, heavy periods, excess body and facial hair, acne, pelvic pain, trouble getting pregnant, and patches of thick, darker, velvety skin. Associated conditions include type 2 diabetes, obesity, obstructive sleep apnea, heart disease, mood disorders, and endometrial cancer.
Cause - PCOS is a heterogeneous disorder of uncertain cause, but PCOS has some aspects of a metabolic disorder, since its symptoms are partly reversible. Even though considered as a gynecological problem, PCOS consists of 28 clinical symptoms. USG Scan revealed Multiple cysts of 3-5 mm in both ovaries.
Treatment - The primary treatments for PCOS include: lifestyle changes, medications and surgery.
- Goals of treatment may be considered under four categories:
- Lowering of insulin resistance levels
- Restoration of fertility
- Treatment of hirsutism or acne
- Restoration of regular menstruation, and prevention of endometrial hyperplasia and endometrial cancer
Case Primer –
- 30 year old female with PCOS complaint since 5 years and Associated infertility
- Have tried IVF and have failed twice; PCOS is not resolving even after treatment for 5 years
Treatment given - Panchakarma: Virechana was planned as initial treatment followed by medications and herbs in the form of concoctions and pills for 6 months.
Results - It was confirmed through USG scan that both the ovaries did not have any cysts and No abnormalities were detected on the whole.